India is a democracy, so here the citizens elect their candidate by the voting. The voting system has certain rules & regulations as set by the Election Commission of India (ECI).
As a matter of fact, the voting system can be confusing for all the new voters. So, know the basics of voting in this blog.
We have listed some important aspects of the Voting system in India:
- Voter ID Card
- Proof of identity for voting. It is crucial in our voting system.
- Incase you have a voter ID and you change your address, then make sure you get a new voter ID.
- First of all, there are certain guidleines & requirements to be eligible for voter ID.
- To get to know exact details about Voter ID registration, click here.
- So, you can get your Voter ID online or offline.
- Legal Voting Age
- The minimum age of being a voter in India is 18 years.
- Eligible voters can vote for all elections: Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha & State assembly elections.
- Also, for local elections like Panchayat & municipal elections.
- Voting booths
- The booths have polling officers and election commission personnel.
- Also, each party appoints a scrutineer (poll-watcher) in each polling booth. He/she keeps a watch on the polling process to ensure no fraud or mistakes.
- Deployment of Armed Forces at polling booths of sensitive areas.
- Furthermore, there are certain facilities at each booth, as per ECI.
- These are exceptions, when an elected candidate cannot serve anymore due to his/her death, resignation or disqualification. Then, the elections are held again.
- These elections are known as by-elections.
- Voting ballot
- Election ballets in India are usually paper ballots, which are pieces of paper for each voter.
- India has the FPTP (Fisrt Past The Post) system, where the voter chooses one candidate by ticking or marking the candidate’s box. Then, the voter should fold & put the paper into the ballot box.
- Cancellation of Paper ballot voting was due to fraud & cheating in transport, storage and manual counting of ballots.
- Electronic Voting
- Since 2004, this system exists in India. It was due to cases of fraud in paper ballots.
- To clarify, it includes the EVM & VVPAT.
- EVM – Electronic Voting Machine
- VVPAT – Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail
- EVM + VVPAT system was first used all over India in 2019 general elections.
- EVM is a portable machine. It has a button besides the political party logo. So, voters have to press the button to cast the vote.
- Also, it is used mainly for general & state elections.
- Voting Ink
- The special voting ink has a name, ‘indelible ink’.
- Indelible ink contains Silver Nitrate.
- After they cast a vote, their left index finger has to have the ink mark.
- The officer inks the voter’s left index fingernail. Hence, the ink mark is a proof of voting,
- Postal voting
- India follows ETPB (Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot papers) system of ECI.
- This service is for government officers, members of armed forces, & their spouses.
- These people have special rights to cast vote, other than the voting day.
- Polling officers on election duty can also vote by post.
- Also, President, Vice-President, Union Ministers, Governors & the Speaker of Lok Sabha vote by this special voting system.
- Due to COVID, the 2020 Bihar elections will have postal voting for certain people. For instance, it includes voters over 65 years & COVID patients.
VOTE without fail. Democracy is a boon for our country.
Atlast, remember, voting is your right. So, DO NOT miss it or skip it.
Be proud to be a voter!
I hope the above information was useful.
Source of Information : ECI website & Wikipedia
Check the ECI FAQs to know more.
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